BMW 3 series E30
Since 1983-1994 of release
Repair and car operation
+ 1. The maintenance instruction
+ 2. Maintenance service
+ 3. The engine
+ 4. Cooling system
+ 5. Heating and ventilation
+ 6. Fuel system
+ 7. An exhaust system
+ 8. Transmissions
+ 9. Coupling
+ 10. Brake system
+ 11. A running gear
+ 12. A body
+ 13. An electric equipment
+ 14. A good advice
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BMW 3 series
The engine of 1,6 litres
The engine of 2,0 litres
Body E30 has replaced previous become popular body E21 of small third series BMW in 1983. First E30 was in a greater degree finished E21, rather than absolutely new car and used basically the same engines. The basic constructive changes have concerned forward and back suspension brackets and salon ergonomics. However designers of firm so have well worked over appearance that magnificent proportions E30 admire till now admirers BMW, and style of this car began to be considered as the classical. On the other hand, since E30 the firm has refused the lattice of a radiator cut forward, the former characteristic feature of all cars BMW throughout the last 20 years. It has caused some resonance in the ranks of adherents of style BMW. Body E30 has got something, but BMW something has lost.
Updatings the versatile person and кабрио continued to be issued till 1993, but basically manufacture E30 has been stopped in 1991 as a result of change of a body of 3 series on E36.
E30 For the first time has appeared in January, 1983 in a unique variant of a 2-door compartment. Only a year later, in January 1984 buyers had an opportunity a choice with the advent of a 4-door sedan that at once has strongly raised popularity of model. In 1986 in sale the E30-cabriolet has arrived. And only it is close to the end of manufacture E30 Bavarians have pleased with the versatile person. However, the luggage compartment could not brag of considerable volume, but the car simply perfectly well looked. Other rare updating – model 325iX with a full drive – has borrowed transmission from all-wheel drive "five" in body Е34. Diesel updatings of a sedan were issued also.
Certainly, the most remarkable car in 30th body is M3 branches Motorsport for participation in races FIA GT. This model has passed set of updatings and had 3 evolutionary versions to correspond to changing requirements FIA. Simultaneously M3 was and on wide sale. The model was more tremendous successful, constantly occupied the top lines of tables. Giving due to fine qualities E30, it is necessary to notice nevertheless that for M3 Motorsport has been compelled to make a special suspension bracket, on a design similar to the fifth series (body E28).
In the middle of 1987 the body has undergone easy cosmetic changes. The radiator lattice has been slightly lowered, chromeplated a bumper were replaced more fashionable black (and subsequently and painted in colour of the car), the size of back lanterns has increased. Almost all cars after 1987 have the wheel hydraulic booster (an exception – 318 with the carburettor) and much softer pedal of an accelerator.
The specific mention is deserved by model 325iS, issued in 1989-90. On it it is established new "пятерошный" six-cylinder engine M50 with volume 2.5 litres, 24-mja клапанамии capacity of 192 h.p. the Car was completed with special plastic spoilers, bumpers and thresholds, a suspension bracket from M3 and sports salon.
In total for 9 years of manufacture it has been let out more than 2.2 million E30.
First younger models E30 used the old four-cylinder engine M10 put for 2002 and E21. Then M10 has been laid off and replaced in 1987 on M40 with a new injector and большей capacity. But occurrence in 1989 of updating M40 with code M42 became a positive miracle. This engine with two cam-shafts and 24-mja valves could compete on capacity to the big engines M30, squeezing out 140 h.p. from 1800 cubes all same and possessing unprecedented before dynamism M42 has held on in manufacture already till 1996.
The majority of senior models E30 (320i, 323i, 325i) used remarkable six-cylinder engine M20, dividing it with "пятерками" the same years. Including was issued (only in the USA) and economic model 325e with низкооборотным 2.7-litre M20/B27eta. However on late 325iS has appeared new M50 with 24-mja valves. The rare South African model 333i used engine M30 "big six" from 5/6/7 series. Cars with diesel engine M21 (6 cylinders, 2.4 litres) with a turbo-supercharging and also were issued without.
Disk back brakes were put only on 318iS, all 325 models and on M3. ABS it was standardly established only on 325e, 325iS and on M3. Опционально was present on late releases of models 320i, 325i and 333i. Some senior models (325, M3) are equipped антипробуксовочной by system (differential with limited проскальзыванием) with factor of 25 %. For check: number of such differential comes to an end with the letter ' Z '.