BMW 3 series E30
Since 1983-1994 of release
Repair and car operation
+ 1. The maintenance instruction
+ 2. Maintenance service
+ 3. The engine
+ 4. Cooling system
+ 5. Heating and ventilation
+ 6. Fuel system
+ 7. An exhaust system
+ 8. Transmissions
+ 9. Coupling
+ 10. Brake system
+ 11. A running gear
+ 12. A body
+ 13. An electric equipment
- 14. A good advice
14.2. Changed numbers
14.3. Purchase of the old car or a mysterious set of figures and letters
14.4. Durability of the car
14.5. About parallelism of bridges of the car and the trailer
14.6. Preparation of the car for winter
14.7. A rule 35
14.8. A choice of the second-hand car
14.9. Engine oils
14.10. That it is necessary to know, changing oil
14.11. Occurrence in deposit oil
14.12. Whether it is possible to mix import oils?
14.13. "Eats" much, but silently goes
14.14. It is more likely live, than it is dead …
14.15. It is not got - a good advice
14.16. Visit to car-care centre
14.17. A gear belt for a mechanism drive газораспределения
14.18. Deterioration of pistons
14.20. Bearings of engines
14.21. Engine pollution
14.22. As the conditioner works and what to do, if it has failed
14.23. The conditioner: not only "pluses", but also "minuses"
14.24. Rules of service of the conditioner
14.25. It is not necessary to stir antifreeze with antifreeze …
14.26. That it is necessary to know at purchase of the air filter
14.27. An engine overheat
14.28. That it is necessary to know to the owner of the car with инжекторным the engine
14.29. The accumulator
14.30. Possible malfunctions of the storage battery
14.31. What to do with the failed generator
14.32. The belt is guilty, and we blame the generator
14.33. The catalyst
14.34. Three in one - or how to save the catalyst
14.36. Features of operation of brake system
14.37. Malfunctions of brake system
14.38. Brake liquids
14.39. АБС: a natural choice
14.40. Wheel disks
14.41. We update wheel disks
14.42. The scheme of marks of an automobile tyre
14.43. Metal corrosion
14.44. An automake-up
14.45. What creaks?
14.46. The hatch
14.47. A safety pillow: troubles or pleasures?
14.48. We fit well?
14.49. Anticreeping "immunodeficiency"
14.50. Why headlights grow dull
14.52. About correct adjustment of headlights
14.53. The electric motor
14.54. From change of places "composed" varies nothing?
Principal cause of fast failure галогенных lamps in cars – the big current proceeding through a lamp at the moment of inclusion as resistance of its thread in a cold condition is many times less, than in нагретом.
In this connection it is recommended to limit a starting current by means of the additional resistor included consistently with threads накаливания галогенных of lamps. After lamp inclusion it is resistance it is short-circuited by means of the relay of the pressure established in parallel to a lamp.
Lack of such devices is necessity of use of one or two electromagnetic relays, details insufficiently reliable, especially in the conditions of the car testing vibration. Besides, at the moment of inclusion spasmodic increase of a current, though and to smaller size all the same takes place, than at usual schemes of inclusion of lamps.
Experts develop the contactless device not demanding application of the relay and providing smooth increase of a current in a lamp. The device consists of the additional resistor R1, two diodes VD1 both VD2 and электролитического the condenser With.
At inclusion of a thread of a passing light on a clip 1 the positive potential moves. Thus diode VD1 connects in parallel a thread of a lamp the condenser With, and is consecutive with it – resistor R1.
At inclusion of a thread of a headlight the positive potential moves on a clip 2, and the condenser With headlight threads through diode VD2 are connected in parallel.
At such scheme of connection pressure on lamps EL1 and EL2 accrues smoothly.
Resistance of cold threads of usual automobile lamps of near and far light approximately 10 times less their resistance in нагретом a condition. The constant of time of heating of a thread of a lamp makes 0,0014–0,003 with.
For an exception it is inadmissible the big current in the course of lamp inclusion it is necessary, that speed of increase in resistance of a thread of a lamp was more speeds of increase of pressure. It is reached by installation электролитических condensers in capacity 4000–6000 мкФ, rated voltage 25 Century
If to take advantage of these councils along with increase in service life of lamps the life of the accumulator because of decrease in a starting current and increase in smoothness of its increase will last also.