BMW 3 series E30

Since 1983-1994 of release

Repair and car operation

+ 1. The maintenance instruction
- 2. Maintenance service
   2.2. Recommended lubricants and liquids
   2.3. Periodicity of service
   2.4. Features of routine maintenance of the car
   2.5. The general data on additional maintenance service
   2.6. Check of level of liquids
   2.7. Check of a condition of tyres and pressure in tyres
   2.8. Oil replacement in the engine and the oil filter
   2.9. Check and restoration of level of a liquid in a wheel
   2.10. Check of level of a liquid in automatic transmission
   2.11. Shift of wheels
   2.12. Check and replacement of hoses in a motor compartment
   2.13. Check, adjustment and replacement of belts of a drive of hinged units
   2.14. Check and adjustment of turns and quality of a mix FROM) idling
   2.15. Check of a condition and battery gymnastics
   2.16. Check and replacement of candles
   2.17. Check of high-voltage wires, бегунка and distributor covers
   2.18. Check of level of oil in a manual transmission
   2.19. Check of level of oil in the main transfer
   2.20. Check and adjustment of backlashes in valves (except engine M40)
   2.21. Draught throttle заслонки
   2.22. Replacement of the air filter
   2.23. Check of fuel system
   2.24. Check of system of cooling
   2.25. Exhaust system check
   2.26. Check of shock-absorbers, a suspension bracket and a steering
   2.27. Check of covers of semiaxes
   2.28. Check of brakes
   2.29. Check of brushes of screen wipers
   2.30. Liquid replacement in automatic transmission and the filter
   2.31. Cooling system – replacement of a liquid and washing
   2.32. Replacement of the fuel filter
   2.33. Oil replacement in a manual transmission
   2.34. Oil replacement in картере the main transfer
   2.35. Check of system of catching of steams of gasoline (EVAP-system)
   2.36. Installation of the light alarm system of necessity of servicing
   2.37. Replacement of a gear belt
+ 3. The engine
+ 4. Cooling system
+ 5. Heating and ventilation
+ 6. Fuel system
+ 7. An exhaust system
+ 8. Transmissions
+ 9. Coupling
+ 10. Brake system
+ 11. A running gear
+ 12. A body
+ 13. An electric equipment
+ 14. A good advice

2.6. Check of level of liquids

Because in the course of driving there is a gradual exhaustion of a liquid and / or pollution, even at normal work of the engine, the quantity of a liquid should replenish periodically. Before level check establish the car on an equal platform.

Oil level in the engine

Oil level is checked щупом which is inserted into a branch pipe of the oil pallet of the engine.

Check oil level on the cold idle engine, or after nearby 15 minutes from the moment of its stop.
1. Get control щуп from a tube and wipe, insert pure щуп back into a tube and again get. Check up level on an oil film which should is between two risks (near to the top mark).

2. If oil level is above the top mark it will lead замасливанию candles, an oil leak through linings, or to failure of epiploons.
3. To add oil turn out a mouth stopper on a cover of a head of cylinders. After доливания wrap a cover by hand.

If oil level constantly goes down, the reason are an oil leak through the damaged epiploon, the weakened connections, or through piston rings or directing plugs of valves. If oil gets a dairy shade, or in oil water drops tightness of a lining of a head of cylinders is broken are observed. It specifies in necessity of immediate check of the engine. It is necessary to check an oil condition regularly also. Each time during check of level of oil before wiping щуп, clamp щуп two fingers and spend on it upwards. If it is visible that between fingers and щупом the rests of a dirt or small metal particles it is necessary to replace oil jam.

Cooling liquid

All cars considered in the given Management, have the closed tight system of cooling of an elevated pressure. The broad tank of white colour established behind a radiator, is connected by a hose to the basis of a stopper of a jellied mouth of a radiator. In process of heating of a cooling liquid in an engine operating time there is a replacement of a liquid of a jellied mouth in a broad tank. In process of engine cooling the cooling liquid flows down back in cooling system. The liquid is added in a tank after stopper removal.

1. On a part of cars the broad tank is mounted on a radiator. Level of a liquid (arrow) should be on the cold engine near to mark Low (Bottom), on heated-up – hardly below mark Full (Full).
2. On a part of cars the broad tank is mounted sideways in a motor compartment.
3. Add a liquid.

Fast falling of level of a liquid specifies in infringement of tightness of system. Check up a radiator, hoses, a stopper of a jellied mouth, an inhaling of drain stoppers, and the water pump. If obvious signs of a leak it is not revealed, check up radiator and tank stoppers, having handed over them in car-care centre BMW.

If it is necessary to turn out a stopper of a jellied mouth of a radiator wait full cooling of system, then wrap up a stopper a thick layer of rags and turn it to the first emphasis. At steam occurrence wait while the liquid will cool down completely, then turn out a stopper.

At отворачивании stoppers wait engine cooling (at отворачивании stoppers to the first emphasis of pairs should not leave, a stopper to wind with rags).

Constantly behind a liquid condition. It should be concerning transparent. If the liquid has got brown colour, or colour of a rust it is necessary to replace it, preliminary having washed out cooling system. Anticorrosive properties are exhausted in due course, though the liquid and can keep satisfactory appearance.

Liquid of a hydrodrive of brakes and coupling

The main cylinder of brakes is mounted in the left part of a motor compartment. The main cylinder of coupling on cars from a manual transmission is nearby, in its right part.
1. Level of a liquid a tank of a hydrodrive of coupling should be about the control cast line or to coincide with it. Otherwise turn away a stopper and add.
2. Liquid level in a transparent tank of the main brake cylinder should be between marks Min and Max. Otherwise wipe and turn away a stopper and add a liquid.

3. After removal of a stopper of a tank, check up presence of pollution in a tank. In the presence of a deposit it is necessary to merge and replace a liquid.

After restoration of level of a liquid in tanks be convinced of reliability of fastening of stoppers to avoid leak of a liquid and (or) pressure drop in system.

Level of a brake liquid will go down in process of natural deterioration brake колодок. Level is restored at replacement колодок, while in service to add a liquid does not follow. Gradual fall of level below the bottom mark specifies in deterioration колодок.

Necessity frequent доливки liquids in a tank of the main cylinder of brakes is a leak sign in the brake system which reason should be eliminated immediately. Check up all connections and a condition of tubes and hoses of a brake contour, and also wheel cylinders and the vacuum amplifier.

If at check of level of a liquid in a tank of the main brake cylinder absence (or nearly so a total absence) liquids it is necessary to eliminate the reason is revealed and to fill system with a liquid, having removed from it air.

Liquid of a washer of a windscreen

The tank of a washer of a windscreen is in the right part of a motor compartment.

In a temperate climate the tank стеклоомывателя can be filled in by pure water on two third. If the car is maintained in a frigid climate in a tank стеклоомывателя it is necessary to fill in a solution of a special liquid with the lowered freezing point. It is forbidden to fill in in a tank a liquid from cooling system.