BMW 3 series E30
Since 1983-1994 of release
Repair and car operation
+ 1. The maintenance instruction
+ 2. Maintenance service
+ 3. The engine
+ 4. Cooling system
+ 5. Heating and ventilation
+ 6. Fuel system
+ 7. An exhaust system
+ 8. Transmissions
+ 9. Coupling
+ 10. Brake system
+ 11. A running gear
+ 12. A body
+ 13. An electric equipment
- 14. A good advice
14.2. Changed numbers
14.3. Purchase of the old car or a mysterious set of figures and letters
14.4. Durability of the car
14.5. About parallelism of bridges of the car and the trailer
14.6. Preparation of the car for winter
14.7. A rule 35
14.8. A choice of the second-hand car
14.9. Engine oils
14.10. That it is necessary to know, changing oil
14.11. Occurrence in deposit oil
14.12. Whether it is possible to mix import oils?
14.13. "Eats" much, but silently goes
14.14. It is more likely live, than it is dead …
14.15. It is not got - a good advice
14.16. Visit to car-care centre
14.17. A gear belt for a mechanism drive газораспределения
14.18. Deterioration of pistons
14.20. Bearings of engines
14.21. Engine pollution
14.22. As the conditioner works and what to do, if it has failed
14.23. The conditioner: not only "pluses", but also "minuses"
14.24. Rules of service of the conditioner
14.25. It is not necessary to stir antifreeze with antifreeze …
14.26. That it is necessary to know at purchase of the air filter
14.27. An engine overheat
14.28. That it is necessary to know to the owner of the car with инжекторным the engine
14.29. The accumulator
14.30. Possible malfunctions of the storage battery
14.31. What to do with the failed generator
14.32. The belt is guilty, and we blame the generator
14.33. The catalyst
14.34. Three in one - or how to save the catalyst
14.36. Features of operation of brake system
14.37. Malfunctions of brake system
14.38. Brake liquids
14.39. АБС: a natural choice
14.40. Wheel disks
14.41. We update wheel disks
14.42. The scheme of marks of an automobile tyre
14.43. Metal corrosion
14.44. An automake-up
14.45. What creaks?
14.46. The hatch
14.47. A safety pillow: troubles or pleasures?
14.48. We fit well?
14.49. Anticreeping "immunodeficiency"
14.50. Why headlights grow dull
14.52. About correct adjustment of headlights
14.53. The electric motor
14.54. From change of places "composed" varies nothing?
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Quite often at operation of the second-hand foreign cars just driven from abroad, motorists make mistakes which lead to the most pitiable results. How them to avoid? For example, if in the five years' foreign car driven under the order familiar motorists advise to you to check up levels of all technical liquids and oils and if necessary to add them to norm, – it is not necessary to hurry up. Because during THIS MOMENT OWNERS of JUST BOUGHT FOREIGN CARS SUPPOSE ONE OF the MOST FREQUENT ERRORS WHICH CAN lead to ENGINE BREAKAGE. In particular, many facts of improper maintenance of system of cooling of the motor are known. So, if in the autumn, on the eve of the colds, cooling liquid usually change completely, on spring – only partially. And it is very frequent thus motorists add in cooling system at all those liquids which are recommended for the given model of a foreign car. At the majority of them in system antifreeze is used, and our automobile owners fill in antifreeze or that too happens, – a nonfreezing liquid for a washer of glasses. In what it results? Here to you a concrete example. In repair has arrived BMW at which the engine constantly overheated. By the way, the car has arrived after inspection in two authorised services-centres. There to it some times changed thermostats, a pomp, temperature gauges, but cardinally to correct a situation and it was not possible. It was necessary to suffer fairly while at last, the true cause of defect – a contamination so-called tunnel пароотводящей tubes was found out. And there was it because of mixture of antifreeze to antifreeze, and problems have begun for the second day after it доливки in cooling system.
So, buying in the market or in a motor show a second-hand foreign car, it is not necessary to trust especially to assurances of sellers that the car has had training preselling preparation and a liquid in cooling system it is replaced. Change it independently is better.
In practice quite often there are such situations when engines with considerable – under 300.000 km – run have enough small – no more than 50 % – deterioration. At the same time it is a lot of cars with run to 100 thousand kilometres from which the engine already demands major repairs. Their inspection shows that a principal cause of strong deterioration is the overheat caused by any defects of system of cooling. Not all know that the system of indication of temperature of the engine possesses defined инерционностью. It means that the motor temperature can already exceed an admissible limit, and the arrow of the indicator has not entered yet into red forbidding sector. Therefore we advise: at first signs of movement of an arrow of the device to border of a red zone stop all attempts to reach under the own steam to the house. Know that after the termination of circulation of a liquid in two-three minutes in a block head the steam stopper is formed and avalanche rise in temperature begins. That, in turn, quite often leads to deformation of a head of the block, failure of knots and details газораспределительного the mechanism.