BMW 3 series E30
Since 1983-1994 of release
Repair and car operation
+ 1. The maintenance instruction
+ 2. Maintenance service
+ 3. The engine
+ 4. Cooling system
+ 5. Heating and ventilation
+ 6. Fuel system
+ 7. An exhaust system
+ 8. Transmissions
+ 9. Coupling
+ 10. Brake system
+ 11. A running gear
+ 12. A body
+ 13. An electric equipment
- 14. A good advice
14.2. Changed numbers
14.3. Purchase of the old car or a mysterious set of figures and letters
14.4. Durability of the car
14.5. About parallelism of bridges of the car and the trailer
14.6. Preparation of the car for winter
14.7. A rule 35
14.8. A choice of the second-hand car
14.9. Engine oils
14.10. That it is necessary to know, changing oil
14.11. Occurrence in deposit oil
14.12. Whether it is possible to mix import oils?
14.13. "Eats" much, but silently goes
14.14. It is more likely live, than it is dead …
14.15. It is not got - a good advice
14.16. Visit to car-care centre
14.17. A gear belt for a mechanism drive газораспределения
14.18. Deterioration of pistons
14.20. Bearings of engines
14.21. Engine pollution
14.22. As the conditioner works and what to do, if it has failed
14.23. The conditioner: not only "pluses", but also "minuses"
14.24. Rules of service of the conditioner
14.25. It is not necessary to stir antifreeze with antifreeze …
14.26. That it is necessary to know at purchase of the air filter
14.27. An engine overheat
14.28. That it is necessary to know to the owner of the car with инжекторным the engine
14.29. The accumulator
14.30. Possible malfunctions of the storage battery
14.31. What to do with the failed generator
14.32. The belt is guilty, and we blame the generator
14.33. The catalyst
14.34. Three in one - or how to save the catalyst
14.36. Features of operation of brake system
14.37. Malfunctions of brake system
14.38. Brake liquids
14.39. АБС: a natural choice
14.40. Wheel disks
14.41. We update wheel disks
14.42. The scheme of marks of an automobile tyre
14.43. Metal corrosion
14.44. An automake-up
14.45. What creaks?
14.46. The hatch
14.47. A safety pillow: troubles or pleasures?
14.48. We fit well?
14.49. Anticreeping "immunodeficiency"
14.50. Why headlights grow dull
14.52. About correct adjustment of headlights
14.53. The electric motor
14.54. From change of places "composed" varies nothing?
14.44. An automake-up
You for certain paid attention, how impressing the wet, just washed car looks. Covered with water drops, it sparkles and poured on light, as new. Unfortunately, it lasts not for long, water dries up, the body grows dull and there are appreciable all small risks and scratches.
The great variety of the most different preparations for care of a body and the salon, adding shine and light both old, and to new cars is issued. In films and telecasts it is possible to see often how good-natured Americans or Europeans carefully rub the favourites to mirror shine.
At our dirt on roads, especially in inter-season period, apparently, it is unreasonable to be spent for special shampoos and polyroles and to direct a lustre that through five minutes again to soil the car. We will try to prove that the autocosmetics at us is necessary not less, and even more than in other countries. At least because it not only shining cleanliness, it first of all – protection against external harmful influences which in our climatic belt it is enough: the big differences of temperatures, "a salt cocktail" in the winter, a dust, the sand scratching a paint, as наждачная a skin, the stones leaving small cracks in enamel, – in the summer. Add to it acid rains which have already become by a reality, the ultra-violet radiation burning out colour pigments from a paint and varnish covering and doing your car faded and dim, bad quality of colouring of domestic cars.
At anybody does not raise the doubts necessity of anticorrosive processing of the bottom and thresholds. And if you wish to keep appearance of a body and salon in a primordial form, without autocosmetics not to manage in any way. In particular it concerns new foreign cars. Enamels on some are made of them on a water basis – such structure is less harmful in manufacture (the ecology requirement). However they not so are strong, as usual synthetic so, and are more vulnerable. Car processing begins with a sink. Simply pure water hardly it will be possible to remove all eaten dirt, oil stains or traces of wood pitch though to rinse with water nevertheless costs to wash off small stones and sand which can scratch a paint. Than to wash? At all a detergent powder, soda or house washing-up liquids, for example, for tile or ware cleaning. They "eat" a dirt perfectly well, but thus not less actively destroy a paint and, getting through cracks, cause metal corrosion. So, to "bathe" the favourite it is necessary only automobile shampoo and necessarily special мелкопористой a sponge which detains grains of sand, preventing occurrence of scratches on a body surface.
Remember, misters, remember.
Autoshampoos on sale in the market can be divided conditionally on two groups: with the small and big maintenance of wax. The first contain the dissolved surface-active substances "extending" (экстрагирующие) from a surface a dirt. Shampoo easily watches off, leaving a thin layer of wax. At the second the washing structure includes solvent, and the maintenance of wax and polymers above 10 times. As a matter of fact it is shampoo and a polyrole "in one bottle". Such preparations are very popular in the Scandinavian countries, they are especially convenient for using in the late autumn, in the winter and in the early spring when because of low temperature it is difficult to put strongly thickened polyrole, – has washed the car and a body is already processed. However convenience of use is inevitably reflected in the price – such shampoo usually in 2–5 times more expensively usual.
To prevent formation of stains at non-uniform drying and располировать wax, it is recommended to wipe a body a soft fabric, and is better artificial suede which is on sale separately in a plastic case. It will serve to you not one year. After a sink it is possible to start processing of a paint and varnish covering. If the car was not processed by some years or in general never, probably, it makes sense to apply a so-called reducer of colour. The matter is that in process of enamel ageing the top not protected paint coat under the influence of an environment is softened and grows dull. In colour reducers abrasive powder with clearing structure which softly removes an external "dead" layer contains мелкодисперсная and at the same time levels a surface a little, helping to clear inveterate stains of the eaten dirt.
If, at last having washed a body, you have suddenly found out traces of beginning corrosion, it is not necessary to despair: small stains easily leave rust converters. They co-operate with a rust, leaving a film steady against the further corrosion, – пассивируют metal and, as a rule, do not demand special preparation of a surface. Though transformation process occurs directly in the face of, all depends on the sizes of a stain and depth of penetration of corrosion. For large stains processing should be repeated some times with small breaks. After processing the damaged site will be necessary for tinting.
Now, when the body is completely prepared, it is possible to put a polyrole to give more shine to the car, and the main thing to protect a body from an aggressive environment. Than to polish? A question difficult enough as this part of cosmetics for cars is presented most widely. Polyroles for a body, plastic overlays and bumpers, for chrome and wheel disks, colourless and with painting effect, liquid and pastelike, with abrasives and without – for all tastes and the sizes of a purse. There are, of course, the universal polyroles, adding shine to the painted panels, the bumpers, the chromeplated details, glass and even tyre covers. They, more likely, will interest the people caring first of all about appearance of the car and about the image. But protective abilities of such preparations cannot be very high, after all properties of a surface of different materials strongly differ. For ideal protection each material demands processing by the "" certain structure.
So, a body. For new cars new or nearly so colourless polyroles are ideal, they are rather cheap and easy-to-use. Some of them contain teflon and the polymers of supersliding forming after polishing very smooth surfaces, a dirt interfering sticking. If the car resembled also its paint is spotted by scratches from sand and stones or a wrong sink much, it is more preferable colour polyroles. They more densely to put them it is a bit more difficult, than colourless, but they well fill and mask small risks and attritions on enamel. However it is not necessary to forget that a polyrole – not a paint and, in case of deep and wide scratches replace it cannot. Polyroles enter electrochemical reaction with a paint and varnish covering, for their full "hardening" it is necessary about one days, therefore them put in garage or open-air in warm weather and, of course, not in the rain.
And about utility of cosmetics in our severe conditions. Agree, dirty, grown turbid after the winter, the glasses jammed by "yard keepers" against a shining body look as "a cataract in an eye", in addition to go with such glasses is unsafe: through them it is badly visible road, especially at night or at movement towards to the sun. One careful помывкой not to remove uncountable set of the scratches left sand, brushes of screen wipers, and also at lifting and lowering of lateral glasses. Воски and силиконы, содержающиеся in usual polyroles, can give замутнение, therefore is better take advantage of a special cleaner of glasses with polishing and protective effect. It well clears a surface and simultaneously smoothes small risks, doing glasses by more transparent. Well and if to process an external surface a preparation from a series "antirain", and in a washer tank to splash the all-weather cleaner, world around from salon of the car and at all will appear in other light.
There are also other details changing in due course the original form and spoiling shape of the car, for example bumpers and wheels. Black plastic bumpers already soon become grey, the dirt easily gets into a porous surface of plastic, and any shampoos it therefrom not to get any more. Specially for such cases let out a cleaner returning to a bumper "native" black colour and at the same time covering its protective film.
For the chromeplated and aluminium details the means containing a small amount of abrasives, and polishing structures for shine giving are on sale. Them it is possible to process and wheel disks though the preparations are developed for them. For special fans there are even means for care of tyre covers.
Starting such "general cleaning", the sin not to take care of salon, after all we go not on, and in the car. One vacuum cleaner and a wet rag it is possible to achieve considerable results, however all has the пределеы. For example, the forward panel, as well as black bumpers, has feature to grow dull and burn out on the sun and simply demands processing by any polyrole. To wash fabric seats and a fleecy upholstery of salon with water with a detergent powder it is possible, of course, if you have time and possibility to wait some days while they it is dried up, without using thus the car. As good alternative to it aerosol cleaners of an upholstery can serve. White foam is instantly absorbed, clears a fabric and very quickly dries up, leaving a transparent protective layer, – casually spilt liquid simply enough to wipe. Unique, perhaps, a lack – the big expense of means and accordingly the high price of processing.
In the end the loaded question – and whether costs? Perhaps and so will descend? GAI blessing not strongly carps at appearance, and cleanliness of the car influences technical parametres a little. But imagine that the car should be sold. On what the buyer first of all will pay attention? Correctly, at appearance will look, how a body – whether "rotten"? It is necessary to spend 10–20 dollars a year for autocosmetics not to worry at least about it, and, you see, to go in the pure, sparkling car it is much more pleasant. By the way, on the statistican, such cars have less often an accident. Why – I do not know, only the fact remains.